Despite improvements in medical and technological knowledge, there are still many instances that can go wrong during childbirth. One of those is Erb’s palsy. It is an injury sustained only during actual delivery and entails stress to the nerves located close to the neck known as the brachial plexus. The trauma occurs when the neck of the baby is stretched throughout a difficult delivery including a breech presentation (feet first), prolonged labor, or expulsion of a large baby. It may likewise be caused by the poor use of some instrument to ease delivery or improper technique, in which case the doctor might be responsible.
There are varying levels of trauma, from light (neurapraxia) to (avulsion). In neurapraxia, the nerves are injured but maybe not split, so the nerve should mind within 3 months. Avulsion, nevertheless, is the complete detachment of the nerves in the spinal cord, which can’t be fixed.
The brachial plexus controls the movement of palms and the arms. Infants who suffer Erb’s palsy might have partial, or numbness and weakness in a single arm or complete paralysis. The permanence of these results will depend on the degree of the injury as well as the accessibility to treatment.
It must be noted that it can be tough to prove neglect as this form of trauma might be attributed to factors such as poor maternal health, beyond the attending physician’s control. Nonetheless, when the circumstances clearly indicate negligence, which includes the refusal of the physician when mom requested a caesarean section to do it also, then that is a different matter.